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The Program aims to fulfil the following research objectives:

  • Enhancement of our fundamental understanding of rainfall enhancement
  • Data modeling, analysis, and evaluation of rainfall and cloud formations
  • Development of experimental design, technologies and instrumentation
  • Evaluation of the current technologies and methods used in rain enhancement
  • Exploration and identification of new technologies and methods to augment rainfall
  • Capacity-building for scientists and technologists to advance the field in the future

AREAS OF RESEARCH (not exhaustive)

Fundamental Understanding of Rainfall Enhancement

  • Cloud microphysics (nucleation processes, water and ice processes, precipitation processes)
  • Cloud dynamics and thermodynamics – including linking the microphysics and dynamics to characterize the physical chain of events (single and multiple cell clouds, large mesoscale systems, cloud-ground interactions)
  • Aerosol/cloud interactions, characterization of background aerosols in relevant environments (particle size, chemical composition, diurnal variations, production mechanisms)
  • Precipitation particle formation and mechanisms of rainfall
  • Characterization of cloud seeding materials and delivery to fundamentally understand how cloud seeding works regarding chemistry, physics, dynamics and thermodynamics
  • Impact of cloud seeding methods on cloud system chemistry, physics, and dynamics
  • Nowcasting and forecasting of weather to properly time seeding operations and measurement activities

Data Modeling, Analysis, and Evaluation

  • Data and analysis (comprehensive data bases, historical and new data, analysis and re-analysis of previous experiments)
  • Modeling (microphysical, cloud dynamics, mesoscale, seeding effects, validation with data sets)
  • Evaluation/Statistics – especially separating quantification of seeding effects from natural variability(covariates prediction, advanced statistical techniques, integration of validation into experimental and operational methodologies)

Experimental Design, Technologies, Instrumentation

  • Production and characterization of different/new seeding materials and approaches to seeding
  • Seeding methodologies assessment (ground-based, airborne)
  • Remote sensing as well as in-situ observation techniques and technologies applied to rainfall enhancement
  • Field experiments design; small but focused and large scale